In Neighbouring Countries: Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Iraq -including Kurdistan- and Egypt.
UNHCR: 3,979,560 Syrian refugees: 2.2 million in Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq; 1,700,000 million Turkey and 24,055 in North Africa (May 28th 2015)
Regional Demographic Breakdown: Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan and Iraq
Total: 51.1% Female and 48.9 Male
Age 0-17 :25.3% Female and 26.7% Male
Age 18-59 : 24.1% Female and 20.9 Male
Age 60+ : 1.7% Female and 1.4% Male
Lebanon: 1,174,313 Refugees
Displaced Persons: Those who have money live in formal buildings & apartments and pay for their expenses and needs. The majority of this group are register with UNHCR as refugees to insure potential opportunity to travel on the UNHCR expense as Human Asylum to Australia, EU, USA and Canada
Refugees: Living in informal large scale camps (tents and metal sheets houses)
Refugees: Living in informal small scale camps scattered tents and metal sheets houses
These type of camps don’t fit all the refugee numbers (1-1.5 million)
These camps lack human conditions in terms of food and nutrition supplies, hygienic conditions, health services, proper sewer arrangements, safety, proper education (since the number of kids in school age are much more than they can handle). Since almost all these camps are close to formal cities and town connectivity can be obtained using the Lebanese mobile network for data and calling.
These camps face issues of increased extremism and radicalism, human trafficking, prostitution and child labour.
Jordan: 623,241 Refugees, 80% in Urban Areas and 20% in refugee camps
Displaced Persons: Those who live in Jordanian cities and live in formal housings and buildings. This group of people (if they have the financial means) have the ability to use the Jordanian networks for calling and data.
Refugee Camps: 4 main camps Za’atari, Marjeeb Al-Fahood, Cyber City and Al-Azraq refugee camp.
These camps lack proper housing, food, education, health services, security, and hygienic conditions. Issues related to human trafficking, prostitution, under-age marriages and short-term marriages.
Turkey: 1.7-1.9 million refugees
Displaced Persons: The majority of Syrian refugees live and work in Turkish cities (some are fortunate and many are not, financially wise). The bulk is living in Turkish cities trying to flee to EU using human trafficking mafia that controls this trade. Many of them lose their lives trying. Those people can connect to internet using the Turkish communication infrastructure.
Refugee Camps: 22 informal (tents and pre-fabricated houses) mainly along the Syrian / Turkish borders. These camps are established in geographical areas where communication infrastructure is accessible. Unfortunately many of them can’t afford such luxury. These camps have issues related to health services, food and nutrition, security, proper hygiene conditions, education.
These camps are highly dominated by radical groups that can easily cross the border between Syrian and Turkey. Education, human trafficking (prostitution and kids adaption) and body-parts trade.
Displaced Persons: All Syrian refugees live in proper / improper housings and buildings (based on financial situation). Displaced Syrians started their own SMEs in production (food and clothing), trading food, clothing & garments. This group uses the Egyptian communication infrastructure for data and calling. Similar to all Syrian refugees in other countries, some of the refugees in Egypt are less fortunate and face the same challenges and risks such as prostitution and human trafficking.
Syrian refugee who escaped from East and South East of Syria lived in camps near the Syrian / Iraqi borders and in Iraqi cities and towns. Recently many of them were forced to run away again due to the political, security and clashes between Iraqi army and ISIS. Limited information is available about this group.
North Africa: Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco
Living in cities many of them especially who live in Libya try to use human trafficking services to reach EU (via Italy and Malta).